King William Street CE Primary School

  1. Curriculum
  2. Science


Our Science curriculum is taught in blocks linked as far as possible to the topic that is being taught that term. Each element will be taught on a two year rolling programme.

During each block there will be an emphasis on working scientifically using one of the different types of scientific enquiry:

  • Observation over time
  • Identify/classify
  • Pattern seeking
  • Research
  • Fair testing

The knowledge taught relates to the key national curriculum areas of Life Processes and Living Things, Materials and their Properties and Physical Processes.

Accurate scientific language is modelled and developed throughout the lesson and that all pupils are expected to use it. In this way, they can demonstrate their understanding and we can minimise and challenge any misconceptions. Probing questions are evident throughout the lesson, with children responding in full sentences.

Year One Cycle

Year One & Two

Enchanted woodlands


Identify and name a variety of common plants, including garden plants, wild plants and trees and those classified as deciduous and evergreen.

Identify and describe the basic structure of a variety of common flowering plants, including roots, stem/trunk, leaves and flowers.

Find out and describe how plants need water, light and a suitable temperature to grow and stay healthy.

Ingenious inventors


Notice and describe how things move, using simple comparisons such as faster and slower.

Compare how different things move.


Distinguish between an object and the material from which it is made.

Identify and name a variety of everyday materials, including wood, plastic, glass, metal, water and rock.

Describe the simple physical properties of a variety of everyday materials.

Compare and group together a variety of everyday materials on the basis of their simple physical properties (both visible and non-visible.)

Find out how the shapes of solid objects made from some materials can be changed by squashing, bending, twisting and stretching.

Identify and compare the uses of a variety of everyday materials, including wood, metal, plastic, glass, brick/rock, and paper/cardboard.

 Let’s explore Tanzania

Sound and hearing

Observe and name a variety of sources of sound, noticing that we hear with our ears.


Year Three & Four

Life in the freezer



Compare and group together different kinds of rocks on the basis of their simple, physical properties.

Relate the simple physical properties of some rocks to their formation (igneous or sedimentary).

Describe in simple terms how fossils are formed when things that have lived are trapped within sedimentary rock.

Compare and group materials together, according to whether they are solids, liquids or gases.

Observe that some materials change state when they are heated or cooled.

Identify the part played by evaporation and condensation in the water cycle and associate the rate of evaporation with temperature.

Evolution and inheritance

Recognise that living things have changed over time and that fossils provide information about living things that inhabited the Earth millions of years ago.

Identify how animals and plants are suited to and adapt to their environment in different ways

Tomb raiders

Light and seeing

Notice that light is reflected from surfaces.

Associate shadows with a light source being blocked by something; find patterns that determine the size of shadows.

Sound and hearing

Identify how sounds are made, associating some of them with something vibrating.

Recognise that sounds get fainter as the distance from the sounds source increases.

Magnificent me

Living Things

Identify and name a variety of living things (plants and animals) in the local and wider environment, using classification keys to assign them to groups. 

Give reasons for classifying plants and animals based on specific characteristics.

Recognise that environments are constantly changing and that this can sometimes pose dangers to specific habitats.

Animals and humans

Identify that animals, including humans, need the right types and amounts of nutrition that they cannot make their own food and they get nutrition from what they eat.

Describe the ways in which nutrients and water are transported within animals, including humans.

Identify that humans and some animals have skeletons and muscles for support, protection and movement.

Describe the simple functions of the basic parts of the digestive system in humans.

Identify the different types of teeth in humans and their simple functions.

Evolution and inheritance

Identify how plants and animals, including humans, resemble their parents in many features.

Identify how humans resemble their parents in many features.

Year Five & Six

Island invaders


 Compare and group together everyday materials based on evidence from comparative and fair tests, including their hardness, solubility, conductivity (electrical and thermal), and response to magnets.

Understand how some materials will dissolve in liquid to form a solution and describe how to recover a substance from a solution.

Use knowledge of solids, liquids and gases to decide how mixtures might be separated, including through filtering, sieving and evaporating.

Give reasons, based on evidence from comparative and fair tests, for the particular uses of everyday materials, including metals, wood and plastic.

Demonstrate that dissolving, mixing and changes of state are reversible changes.

Explain that some changes result in the formation of new materials, and that this kind of change is not usually reversible, including changes associated with burning, oxidisation and the action of acid on bicarbonate of soda.

Raging Rivers and Wonderful Waterfalls

Light and seeing

Understand that light appears to travel in straight lines.

Use the idea that light travels in straight lines to explain that objects are seen because they give out or reflect light into the eyes.

Use the idea that light travels in straight lines to explain why shadows have the same shape as the objects that cast them, and to predict the size of shadows when the position of the light source.

Myths, Minotaurs and Mortals


Identify and name the basic parts of a simple electrical circuit, including cells, wires, bulbs, switches and buzzers.

Associate the brightness of a lamp or the volume of a buzzer with the number and voltage of cells used in the circuit.

Compare and give reasons for variations in how components function, including the brightness of bulbs, the loudness of buzzers and the on/off position of switches.

Year Two Cycle

Year One & Two

All washed up

Living things including humans and animals

Identify and name a variety of common animals that are birds, fish, amphibians, reptiles, mammals and invertebrates.

Identify and name a variety of common animals that are carnivores, herbivores and omnivores.

Identify name, draw and label the basic parts of the human body and say which part of the body is associated with each sense.

Investigate and describe the basic needs of animals, including humans, for survival (water, food and air).

Describe the importance for humans of exercise, eating the right amounts of different types of food and hygiene

Explore and compare the differences between things that are living, that are dead and that have never been alive.

Identify that most living things live in habitats to which they are suited and describe how different habitats provide for the basic needs of different kinds of animals and plants and how they depend on each other.

Fly me to the moon

Earth's movements

Observe the apparent movement of the Sun during the day.

Observe changes across the four seasons.

Observe and describe weather associated with the seasons and how day length varies

Light and seeing

Observe and name a variety of sources of light, including electric lights, flames and the Sun, explaining that we see things because light travels from them to our eyes.


Year Three & Four

Our living planet


Identify and describe the functions of different parts of flowering plants: roots, stem, leaves and flowers

Explore the requirements of plants for life and growth (air, light, water, nutrients from soil, and room to grow) and how they vary from plant to plant.

Investigate the way in which water is transported within plants.

Explore the role of flowers in the life cycle of flowering plants, including pollination, seed formation and seed dispersal.



Identify common appliances that run on electricity.

Construct a simple series electrical circuit.

Identify whether or not a lamp will light in a simple series circuit based on whether or not the lamp is part of a complete loop with a battery.

Recognise that a switch opens and closes a circuit and associate this with whether or not a lamp lights in a simple series circuit.

Recognise some common conductors and insulators and associate metals with being good conductors.

Tribal Trails


Notice that some forces need contact between two objects and some forces act at a distance.

Observe how magnets attract or repel each other and attract some materials and not others. 

Compare and group together a variety of everyday materials on the basis of whether they are attracted to a magnet and identify some magnetic materials. 

Year Five & Six

Reach for the sky


Describe magnets as having two poles

Predict whether two magnets will attract or repel each other, depending on which poles are facing.

Explain that unsupported objects fall towards the Earth because of the force of gravity acting between the Earth and the falling object.

Identify the effect of drag forces, such as air resistance, water resistance and friction that act between moving surfaces.

Describe, in terms of drag forces, why moving objects that are not driven tend to slow down.

Understand that force and motion can be transferred through mechanical devices such as gears, pulleys, levers and springs.

Earth's movements

Describe the movement of the Earth relative to the Sun in the solar system.

Describe the movement of the Moon relative to the Earth.

Describe the Sun, Earth and Moon as approximately spherical bodies.

Use the idea of the Earth’s rotation to explain day and night.

Arriba! Arriba!

Sound and hearing

Find patterns between the pitch of a sound and features of the object that produced it.

Find patterns between the volume of a sound and the strength of the vibrations that produced it.

Us in the Wild World


Relate knowledge of plants to studies of evolution and inheritance.

Animals and humans

Identify and name the main parts of the human circulatory system, and explain the functions of the heart, blood vessels and blood (including the pulse and clotting).

Living Things 

Describe the life cycles common to a variety of animals, including humans (birth, growth, development, reproduction, death), and to a variety of plants (growth, reproduction and death).

Explain the classification of living things into broad groups according to common, observable characteristics and based on similarities and differences, including plants, animals and micro-organisms.

Describe the life process of reproduction in some plants and animals.

Describe the changes as humans develop from birth to old age.

Recognise the impact of diet, exercise, drugs and lifestyle on the way human bodies function.

Evolution and Inheritance

Recognise that living things produce offspring of the same kind, but normally offspring vary and are not identical to their parents.

Describe how adaptation leads to evolution.

Recognise how and why the human skeleton has changed over time, since we separated from other primates.